We all know that turbos make cars go faster, but how exactly is this achieved?

An engine can be thought of like a pump. On the intake stroke the engine draws air in. This air is mixed with fuel and compressed as the piston rises, a spark ignites the mixture and forces the piston down. As the piston rises back up, the waste products from the combustion stroke are forced out of the exhaust at high temperature and the next cycle begins.

A turbo converts this waste thermal energy into kinetic energy, which can then be used to pressurise the air entering the engine. Pressurised air contains more oxygen, and more oxygen means a more powerful combustion is possible, thus increasing the power output of the engine.

In this quick video I run you through the fundamental components of a turbocharger and how they combine to generate boost pressure inside your engine. Including Compressor and Compressor Housing, Turbine and Turbine Housing, Internal and External Wastegates.

I also go through the differences between different types of turbochargers,and how the correct turbo is chosen when designing a car or turbo kit.

In the next video I’ll take it once step further and pull the turbo apart to show you how everything works at a component level, so make sure you subscribe to the channel so you don’t miss it.